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Electronic conduction in shock-compressed water

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  • P. M. Celliers
  • G. W. Collins
  • D. G. Hicks
  • M. Koenig
  • E. Henry
  • A. Benuzzi-Mounaix
  • D. Batani
  • D. K. Bradley
  • L. B. Da Silva
  • R. J. Wallace
  • S. J. Moon
  • J. H. Eggert
  • K. K M Lee
  • L. R. Benedetti
  • R. Jeanloz
  • I. Masclet
  • N. Dague
  • B. Marchet
  • M. Rabec
  • Le Gloahec
  • Ch Reverdin
  • O. Willi
  • D. Neely
  • C. Danson


Publication details

JournalPhysics of Plasmas
DatePublished - 1 Aug 2004
Issue number8
Number of pages4
Pages (from-to)L41-L44
Original languageEnglish


The optical reflectance of a strong shock front in water increases continuously with pressure above 100 GPa and saturates at similar to45% reflectance above 250 GPa. This is the first evidence of electronic conduction in high pressure water. In addition, the water Hugoniot equation of state up to 790 GPa (7.9 Mbar) is determined from shock velocity measurements made by detecting the Doppler shift of reflected light. From a fit to the reflectance data we find that an electronic mobility gap similar to2.5 eV controls thermal activation of electronic carriers at pressures in the range of 100-150 GPa. This suggests that electronic conduction contributes significantly to the total conductivity along the Neptune isentrope above 150 GPa. (C) 2004 American Institute of Physics.

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