Electronic Properties of {112} and {110} Twin Boundaries in Anatase TiO2

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JournalAdvanced Theory and Simulations
DateAccepted/In press - 26 Sep 2019
DateE-pub ahead of print (current) - 9 Oct 2019
Issue number0
Number of pages7
Early online date9/10/19
Original languageEnglish


Abstract First-principles calculations of the electronic structure and charge-trapping behavior of Σ3 {112} and Σ1 {110} twin boundaries (TBs) in anatase TiO2 are performed using an accurate hybrid density functional theory approach. The former is characterized experimentally using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and very good agreement on the structure is found. The {110} twin has not yet been observed but TEM and scanning tuneling microscopy (STM) image simulations are presented to aid experimental identification. Holes are found to trap in a polaronic configuration at both the twin boundaries. The {112} TB presents more favorable sites for hole polaron formation at the boundary with trapping energies 0.16?0.18eV, more favorable than the bulk. The {110} TB presents hole polaron trapping sites ranging from 0.07 eV, less favorable, to 0.14 eV, more favorable, than the bulk. Neither boundary is found to favor electron trapping, indicating they are relatively benign to the performance of anatase as an n-type conductor.

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© 2019 The Authors. Advanced Theory and Simulations published by WILEY‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

    Research areas

  • density functional theory, polarons, titanium dioxide, twin boundaries

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