Eliciting value judgements about health inequality aversion: testing for framing effects

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


Questionnaire-based estimates of health inequality aversion are potentially vulnerable to framing effects. This study tests for four framing effects and a sample selection effect related to framing in the broad sense of cognition and information processing: (1) small versus unrealistically large health inequality reductions; (2) population-level versus individual-level descriptions of inequality reductions; (3) concrete versus abstract scenarios; (4) online versus discussion mode of administration; and (5) “academic versus non-academic” sample. Twenty nine respondents participated in a discussion group meeting, and a separate convenience sample of 156 respondents completed an online questionnaire. In line with previous studies we found that between 20% and 61% of respondents in different conditions expressed extreme inequality aversion that violates monotonicity, and between 3% and 20% expressed zero inequality aversion. We found small but non-significant effects of (1), (2) and (4), and substantial and significant effects of (3) and (5): a higher proportion of respondents expressed zero health inequality aversion in the concrete scenario, and a lower proportion expressed extreme health inequality aversion in the academic sample despite expressing similar or more egalitarian social attitudes to the welfare state and income redistribution.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages20
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventHESG meeting - Sheffield, United Kingdom
Duration: 8 Jan 201410 Jan 2014


ConferenceHESG meeting
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom

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