A complete series of oxazoline di-, tri-, tetra-, and hexasaccharides, corresponding to the core sections of N-linked glycoprotein high mannose glycans, together with the corresponding oligosaccharides containing a central glucose unit, were synthesised and tested as glycosyl donors for glycosylation of a GlcNAcAsn glycosyl amino acid catalysed by the endohexosaminidases M (Endo M), A (Endo A) and H (Endo H). Whilst Endo H did not catalyse any glycosylation reactions, both Endo M and Endo A efficiently catalysed glycosylations that were not limited to donors containing the Man beta(1 -> 4)GlcNAc linkage. Precise structure activity relationships and time course studies have revealed fine-tuning of the efficiency of the synthetic processes which correlated both with the enzyme used and the precise oxazoline structure. Efficient irreversible glycosylation was achievable with both Endo M and Endo A, further demonstrating the use of structurally modified oxazoline donors as transition state mimics in order to promote enzyme-catalysed synthesis, whilst precluding product hydrolysis; enzymes in these cases display "glycoligase" activity.
|Number of pages||21|
|Journal||Chemistry - A European Journal|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|
- enzyme catalysis
- CHEMOENZYMATIC SYNTHESIS