Engaging with Variable Pay: A Comparative Study of the Metal Industry

Kristine Nergaard, Jon Erik Dolvik, Paul Marginson, Juan Arasanz Diaz, Barbara Bechter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article discusses differences in the responses of company employee representatives to variable pay systems, drawing on a comparative study in the metalworking sector in Austria, Norway, Spain and the UK. We find that the approaches of organized labour are contingent, first, on the type of pay system and its influence on total remuneration; and second, on the role of local trade unions or works councils within the national system of pay determination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-146
Number of pages22
JournalEuropean journal of industrial relations
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2009

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