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Enhancement of keV X-rays from low-density cellulose triacetate (TAC) foam targets

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Author(s)

  • S. Chaurasia
  • Channprit Kaur
  • N. G. Borisenko
  • J. Pasley
  • A. Orekhov
  • M. N. Deo

Department/unit(s)

Publication details

JournalPhysics of Plasmas
DateAccepted/In press - 1 Jun 2017
DatePublished (current) - 1 Jul 2017
Issue number7
Volume24
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

The interaction of a high-power laser with a low-density foam target can in some instances result in a significant enhancement in x-ray generation relative to that when the same laser is incident upon a homogenous solid. In this paper, we present x-ray emission studies from foam targets where the density is varied from under-dense to over-dense. The targets are irradiated with the first harmonic of Nd:Glass laser. The laser intensity on the target was approximately 2 × 1014 W/cm2 with the pulse duration of 500 ps. Mass-matched cellulose triacetate foam targets with densities of 2 mg/cc, 4 mg/cc, 7 mg/cc, and 20 mg/cc were used. The areal density presented by the targets on the laser beam axis was held constant at 0.2 mg/cm2 by varying the target thickness in inverse proportion to the density. The x-ray yield in the spectral range (5-8 keV) and (4.5-16 keV) was found to be enhanced by approximately 2.3 times in foam targets with the density of 2 mg/cc (under-dense) compared with foam targets with the density of 20 mg/cc (over-dense).

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