From the same journal

From the same journal

Enhancing bioarchaeological interpretation using indicator groups: Stable manure as a paradigm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


  • H Kenward
  • A Hall


Publication details

JournalJournal of archaeological science
DatePublished - Jul 1997
Issue number7
Number of pages11
Pages (from-to)663-673
Original languageEnglish


A major aspect of the analysis of biological remains from many archaeological sites is recognizing past activities and ecological conditions at the context or feature level in order to build up an overall picture of site usage and development. This demands investigation of very large numbers of samples, which, if carried out fully, may be prohibitively expensive. It is suggested that characteristic and easily recognized suites of organisms preserved in archaeological deposits form ''indicator groups'' associated with particular activities or circumstances in the past, and that these, in turn, may be seen as part of ''indicator packages'' encompassing biological, stratigraphical, artefactural, and structural evidence. Indicator groups may provide a means of obtaining archaeological information economically. This proposition is illustrated with particular reference to stable manure, a frequent component of Roman-modern occupation deposits. (C) 1997 Academic Press Limited.

    Research areas

  • bioarchaeology, indicator groups, insect remains, interpretation, plant remains, rapid recording, stable manure, DEPOSITS

Discover related content

Find related publications, people, projects, datasets and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations