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Entanglement-Assisted Absorption Spectroscopy

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JournalPhysical Review Letters
DateAccepted/In press - 24 Sep 2020
DatePublished (current) - 28 Oct 2020
Volume125
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Spectroscopy is an important tool for probing the properties of materials, chemicals and biological samples. We design a practical transmitter-receiver system that exploits entanglement to achieve a provable quantum advantage over all spectroscopic schemes based on classical sources. To probe the absorption spectra, modelled as pattern of transmissivities among different frequency modes, we employ broad-band signal-idler pairs in two-mode squeezed vacuum states. At the receiver side, we apply photodetection after optical parametric amplification. Finally, we perform a maximal-likehihood decision test on the measurement results, achieving orders-of-magnitude-lower error probability than the optimum classical systems in various examples, including `wine-tasting' and `drug-testing' where real molecules are considered. In detecting the presence of an absorption line, our quantum scheme achieves the optimum performance allowed by quantum mechanics. The quantum advantage in our system is robust against noise and loss, which makes near-term experimental demonstration possible.

Bibliographical note

6+16 pages, 6+13 figures, accepted by Phys. Rev. Lett

    Research areas

  • quant-ph, physics.optics

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