Entrepreneurship and the development of global brands

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review


Over the course of the twentieth century, entrepreneurs developed a number of successful global brands in consumer-goods industries. However, few independent brands survived the merger waves of the 1980s. To address the question of why so few independent brands survived, this paper examines successful brands in industries that rely principally on advertising for competitive success. Successful consumer-goods brands in several industries and countries are compared in order to highlight innovative strategies pursued by brand managers. The analyzed brands are mainly owned by Europeans, although a few examples of American and Japanese brands are covered as well.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)651-680
Number of pages30
JournalBusiness history review
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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Copyright © The President and Fellows of Harvard College 2007.

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