EPHECT I: European household survey on domestic use of consumer products and development of worst-case scenarios for daily use

C. Dimitroulopoulou*, E. Lucica, A. Johnson, M. R. Ashmore, I. Sakellaris, M. Stranger, E. Goelen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Consumer products are frequently and regularly used in the domestic environment. Realistic estimates for product use are required for exposure modelling and health risk assessment. This paper provides significant data that can be used as input for such modelling studies. A European survey was conducted, within the framework of the DG Sanco-funded EPHECT project, on the household use of 15 consumer products. These products are all-purpose cleaners, kitchen cleaners, floor cleaners, glass and window cleaners, bathroom cleaners, furniture and floor polish products, combustible air fresheners, spray air fresheners, electric air fresheners, passive air fresheners, coating products for leather and textiles, hair styling products, spray deodorants and perfumes. The analysis of the results from the household survey (1st phase) focused on identifying consumer behaviour patterns (selection criteria, frequency of use, quantities, period of use and ventilation conditions during product use). This can provide valuable input to modelling studies, as this information is not reported in the open literature. The above results were further analysed (2nd phase), to provide the basis for the development of '. most representative worst-case scenarios' regarding the use of the 15 products by home-based population groups (housekeepers and retired people), in four geographical regions in Europe. These scenarios will be used for the exposure and health risk assessment within the EPHECT project. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first time that daily worst-case scenarios are presented in the scientific published literature concerning the use of a wide range of 15 consumer products across Europe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)880-889
Number of pages10
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015


  • Consumer products
  • Household survey
  • Housekeepers
  • Product use
  • Retired people

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