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Est-ce qu'une "mutation de l'an 600" a eu lieu en Austrasie ?

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Title of host publicationL'Austrasie
DateAccepted/In press - 2018
PublisherPresses Universitaires de Rennes
EditorsAdrien Bayard, Sylvie Joye, Bruno Dumézil
Original languageFrench

Abstract

This paper argues that we can, guardedly, answer 'yes' to the question posed by the title provided that we accept
four preliminary points: This isn't a singular point of revolution cutting one long, static period off from another; the different thematic areas under review moved at different speeds on their own trajectories; the periods on either side of the proposed transformation weren't static; and that there were 6th-century precursors and 7th-century continuations. Describing the transformation itself, the paper looks in turn at cemeteries and grave-goods and then at elite graves before considering the implications of the changes described. In conjunction with other changes in the period, these suggest changes which altered the relations of power between king and aristocracy and gave Merovingian politics of the 7th century a different flavour from those of the 6th century. The paper then discusses possible explanations for the changes, looking first at the minorities in the Merovingian kingdoms between 575 and 613, and secondly at a broader set of changes consequent upon Justinain’s wars of the mid-sixth century. It concludes that a wave of changes swept across western Europe c.600. These created a context in which the political crises in Austrasia c.600 had even more important results. The Transformation of the Year 600 was not the only important phase of change in early medieval Europe but was very important because it marked the end of the Roman world.

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