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Estimating management costs of protected areas: A novel approach from the Eastern Arc Mountains, Tanzania

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Estimating management costs of protected areas : A novel approach from the Eastern Arc Mountains, Tanzania. / Green, Jonathan M H; Burgess, Neil D.; Green, Rhys E.; Madoffe, Seif S.; Munishi, Pantaleo K T; Nashanda, Evarist; Kerry Turner, R.; Balmford, Andrew.

In: Biological Conservation, Vol. 150, No. 1, 06.2012, p. 5-14.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Green, JMH, Burgess, ND, Green, RE, Madoffe, SS, Munishi, PKT, Nashanda, E, Kerry Turner, R & Balmford, A 2012, 'Estimating management costs of protected areas: A novel approach from the Eastern Arc Mountains, Tanzania', Biological Conservation, vol. 150, no. 1, pp. 5-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2012.02.023

APA

Green, J. M. H., Burgess, N. D., Green, R. E., Madoffe, S. S., Munishi, P. K. T., Nashanda, E., ... Balmford, A. (2012). Estimating management costs of protected areas: A novel approach from the Eastern Arc Mountains, Tanzania. Biological Conservation, 150(1), 5-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2012.02.023

Vancouver

Green JMH, Burgess ND, Green RE, Madoffe SS, Munishi PKT, Nashanda E et al. Estimating management costs of protected areas: A novel approach from the Eastern Arc Mountains, Tanzania. Biological Conservation. 2012 Jun;150(1):5-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2012.02.023

Author

Green, Jonathan M H ; Burgess, Neil D. ; Green, Rhys E. ; Madoffe, Seif S. ; Munishi, Pantaleo K T ; Nashanda, Evarist ; Kerry Turner, R. ; Balmford, Andrew. / Estimating management costs of protected areas : A novel approach from the Eastern Arc Mountains, Tanzania. In: Biological Conservation. 2012 ; Vol. 150, No. 1. pp. 5-14.

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@article{bdfa53e4747c4a1db3d90c78e46165e1,
title = "Estimating management costs of protected areas: A novel approach from the Eastern Arc Mountains, Tanzania",
abstract = "Despite chronic underfunding for conservation and the recognition that funds must be invested wisely, few studies have analysed the direct costs of managing protected areas at the spatial scales needed to inform local site management. Using a questionnaire survey we collected data from protected area managers in the Eastern Arc Mountains (EAMs) of Tanzania to establish how much is currently spent on reserve management and how much is required to meet conservation objectives. We use an information theoretic approach to model spatial variation in these costs using a range of plausible, spatially explicit predictor variables, including a novel measure of anthropogenic pressure that measures the human pressure that accrues to any point in the landscape by taking into account all people in the landscape, inversely weighted by their distance to that point.Our models explain over 75{\%} of variation in actual spend and over 40{\%} of variation in necessary spend. Population pressure is a variable that has not been used to model protected area management costs before, yet proved to be considerably better at predicting both actual and necessary spend than other measures of anthropogenic pressure.We use our results to estimate necessary spend at a 9km 2 resolution across the EAM and highlight those areas where the management costs of effective management are predicted to be high. This information can be used by conservation planners in the region and can be estimated for future scenarios of population growth and migration.",
keywords = "Conservation planning, Eastern Arc Mountains, Management costs, Population pressure, Protected areas, Tanzania",
author = "Green, {Jonathan M H} and Burgess, {Neil D.} and Green, {Rhys E.} and Madoffe, {Seif S.} and Munishi, {Pantaleo K T} and Evarist Nashanda and {Kerry Turner}, R. and Andrew Balmford",
year = "2012",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1016/j.biocon.2012.02.023",
language = "English",
volume = "150",
pages = "5--14",
journal = "Biological Conservation",
issn = "0006-3207",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Estimating management costs of protected areas

T2 - A novel approach from the Eastern Arc Mountains, Tanzania

AU - Green, Jonathan M H

AU - Burgess, Neil D.

AU - Green, Rhys E.

AU - Madoffe, Seif S.

AU - Munishi, Pantaleo K T

AU - Nashanda, Evarist

AU - Kerry Turner, R.

AU - Balmford, Andrew

PY - 2012/6

Y1 - 2012/6

N2 - Despite chronic underfunding for conservation and the recognition that funds must be invested wisely, few studies have analysed the direct costs of managing protected areas at the spatial scales needed to inform local site management. Using a questionnaire survey we collected data from protected area managers in the Eastern Arc Mountains (EAMs) of Tanzania to establish how much is currently spent on reserve management and how much is required to meet conservation objectives. We use an information theoretic approach to model spatial variation in these costs using a range of plausible, spatially explicit predictor variables, including a novel measure of anthropogenic pressure that measures the human pressure that accrues to any point in the landscape by taking into account all people in the landscape, inversely weighted by their distance to that point.Our models explain over 75% of variation in actual spend and over 40% of variation in necessary spend. Population pressure is a variable that has not been used to model protected area management costs before, yet proved to be considerably better at predicting both actual and necessary spend than other measures of anthropogenic pressure.We use our results to estimate necessary spend at a 9km 2 resolution across the EAM and highlight those areas where the management costs of effective management are predicted to be high. This information can be used by conservation planners in the region and can be estimated for future scenarios of population growth and migration.

AB - Despite chronic underfunding for conservation and the recognition that funds must be invested wisely, few studies have analysed the direct costs of managing protected areas at the spatial scales needed to inform local site management. Using a questionnaire survey we collected data from protected area managers in the Eastern Arc Mountains (EAMs) of Tanzania to establish how much is currently spent on reserve management and how much is required to meet conservation objectives. We use an information theoretic approach to model spatial variation in these costs using a range of plausible, spatially explicit predictor variables, including a novel measure of anthropogenic pressure that measures the human pressure that accrues to any point in the landscape by taking into account all people in the landscape, inversely weighted by their distance to that point.Our models explain over 75% of variation in actual spend and over 40% of variation in necessary spend. Population pressure is a variable that has not been used to model protected area management costs before, yet proved to be considerably better at predicting both actual and necessary spend than other measures of anthropogenic pressure.We use our results to estimate necessary spend at a 9km 2 resolution across the EAM and highlight those areas where the management costs of effective management are predicted to be high. This information can be used by conservation planners in the region and can be estimated for future scenarios of population growth and migration.

KW - Conservation planning

KW - Eastern Arc Mountains

KW - Management costs

KW - Population pressure

KW - Protected areas

KW - Tanzania

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84860220770&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.biocon.2012.02.023

DO - 10.1016/j.biocon.2012.02.023

M3 - Article

VL - 150

SP - 5

EP - 14

JO - Biological Conservation

JF - Biological Conservation

SN - 0006-3207

IS - 1

ER -