Ethnic diversity and informal intra- and inter-ethnic contacts with neighbours in The Netherlands: A comparison of natives and ethnic minorities

Timothy Hubertus Maria Huijts*, Gerbert Kraaykamp, Peer Scheepers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We have examined the extent to which ethnic diversity in neighbourhoods and municipalities in The Netherlands is related to personal contact with neighbours from ethnic in-groups and out-groups among the native majority as well as among ethnic minorities. The results indicate that ethnic diversity is negatively related to personal contacts with native neighbours, but positively to personal contacts with neighbours from other ethnic groups. This applies equally to native respondents and Turks and Moroccans, rejecting Putnam's hunkering-down hypothesis and ethnic competition theory. Instead, ethnic diversity increases meeting opportunities with ethnic minorities while decreasing meeting opportunities with the native majority.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-57
Number of pages17
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014


  • ethnic diversity
  • ethnic minorities
  • multi-level models
  • neighbourhoods
  • social capital

Cite this