European responses to the needs of people who experience homelessness and use drugs: Background paper commissioned by the EMCDDA for Health and social responses to drug problems: a European guide

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report


This paper explores the evidence base for services designed to meet the needs of people who experience homelessness and use drugs (PEHAD). Through a delimited analysis of existing systematic and rapid evidence reviews, it considers the key lessons for the development of effective homelessness services in Europe. The aims of the paper are two- fold. Its first objective is to identify the gaps and limitations in our understanding of what constitutes homelessness, as well as the holes in the existing evidence base around service provision for those experiencing homelessness. The second goal is to draw on the available research to explore what is available in terms of practical knowledge transfer, i.e. evidence that might enhance homelessness prevention and services (completed 2020, published online 2022, delays due to COVID-19)
Original languageEnglish
Commissioning bodyEuropean Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA)
Number of pages33
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2022


  • Homelessness
  • Addiction

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