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Evidence gaps and biodiversity threats facing the marine environment of the United Kingdom’s Overseas Territories

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Evidence gaps and biodiversity threats facing the marine environment of the United Kingdom’s Overseas Territories. / O'Leary, Bethan Christine; Fieldhouse, Philip; McClean, Colin John; Ford, Adriana; Burns, Polly; Hawkins, Julie Patricia; Roberts, Callum Michael.

In: Biodiversity and Conservation, 05.02.2019, p. 363-383.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

O'Leary, BC, Fieldhouse, P, McClean, CJ, Ford, A, Burns, P, Hawkins, JP & Roberts, CM 2019, 'Evidence gaps and biodiversity threats facing the marine environment of the United Kingdom’s Overseas Territories', Biodiversity and Conservation, pp. 363-383. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-018-1660-5

APA

O'Leary, B. C., Fieldhouse, P., McClean, C. J., Ford, A., Burns, P., Hawkins, J. P., & Roberts, C. M. (2019). Evidence gaps and biodiversity threats facing the marine environment of the United Kingdom’s Overseas Territories. Biodiversity and Conservation, 363-383. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-018-1660-5

Vancouver

O'Leary BC, Fieldhouse P, McClean CJ, Ford A, Burns P, Hawkins JP et al. Evidence gaps and biodiversity threats facing the marine environment of the United Kingdom’s Overseas Territories. Biodiversity and Conservation. 2019 Feb 5;363-383. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-018-1660-5

Author

O'Leary, Bethan Christine ; Fieldhouse, Philip ; McClean, Colin John ; Ford, Adriana ; Burns, Polly ; Hawkins, Julie Patricia ; Roberts, Callum Michael. / Evidence gaps and biodiversity threats facing the marine environment of the United Kingdom’s Overseas Territories. In: Biodiversity and Conservation. 2019 ; pp. 363-383.

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@article{8fb24ef0bcfe4f2f99ee539ff1cd17d3,
title = "Evidence gaps and biodiversity threats facing the marine environment of the United Kingdom’s Overseas Territories",
abstract = "Understanding the evidence base and identifying threats to the marine environment is critical to ensure cost-effective management and to identify priorities for future research. The United Kingdom (UK) government is responsible for approximately 2{\%} of the world’s oceans, most of which belongs to its 14 Overseas Territories (UKOTs). Containing biodiversity of global significance, and far in excess of the UK mainland’s domestic species, there has recently been a strong desire from many of the UKOTs, the UK Government, and NGOs to improve marine management in these places. Implementing evidence-based marine policy is, however, challenged by the disparate nature of scientific research in the UKOTs and knowledge gaps about the threats they face. Here, we address these issues by systematically searching for scientific literature which has examined UKOT marine biodiversity and by exploring publicly available spatial threat data. We find that UKOT marine biodiversity has received consistent, but largely low, levels of scientific interest, and there is considerable geographical and subject bias in research effort. Of particular concern is the lack of research focus on management or threats to biodiversity. The extent and intensity of threats vary amongst and within the UKOTs but unsurprisingly, climate change associated threats affect them all and direct human stressors are more prevalent in those with higher human populations. To meet global goals for effective conservation and management, there is an urgent need for additional and continued investment in research and management in the Overseas Territories, particularly those that have been of lesser focus.",
keywords = "Anthropogenic threats, Marine biodiversity conservation, Evidence base, Gap analysis, Research synthesis, UKOTs",
author = "O'Leary, {Bethan Christine} and Philip Fieldhouse and McClean, {Colin John} and Adriana Ford and Polly Burns and Hawkins, {Julie Patricia} and Roberts, {Callum Michael}",
note = "{\circledC} The Author(s) 2018",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1007/s10531-018-1660-5",
language = "English",
pages = "363--383",
journal = "Biodiversity and Conservation",
issn = "0960-3115",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evidence gaps and biodiversity threats facing the marine environment of the United Kingdom’s Overseas Territories

AU - O'Leary, Bethan Christine

AU - Fieldhouse, Philip

AU - McClean, Colin John

AU - Ford, Adriana

AU - Burns, Polly

AU - Hawkins, Julie Patricia

AU - Roberts, Callum Michael

N1 - © The Author(s) 2018

PY - 2019/2/5

Y1 - 2019/2/5

N2 - Understanding the evidence base and identifying threats to the marine environment is critical to ensure cost-effective management and to identify priorities for future research. The United Kingdom (UK) government is responsible for approximately 2% of the world’s oceans, most of which belongs to its 14 Overseas Territories (UKOTs). Containing biodiversity of global significance, and far in excess of the UK mainland’s domestic species, there has recently been a strong desire from many of the UKOTs, the UK Government, and NGOs to improve marine management in these places. Implementing evidence-based marine policy is, however, challenged by the disparate nature of scientific research in the UKOTs and knowledge gaps about the threats they face. Here, we address these issues by systematically searching for scientific literature which has examined UKOT marine biodiversity and by exploring publicly available spatial threat data. We find that UKOT marine biodiversity has received consistent, but largely low, levels of scientific interest, and there is considerable geographical and subject bias in research effort. Of particular concern is the lack of research focus on management or threats to biodiversity. The extent and intensity of threats vary amongst and within the UKOTs but unsurprisingly, climate change associated threats affect them all and direct human stressors are more prevalent in those with higher human populations. To meet global goals for effective conservation and management, there is an urgent need for additional and continued investment in research and management in the Overseas Territories, particularly those that have been of lesser focus.

AB - Understanding the evidence base and identifying threats to the marine environment is critical to ensure cost-effective management and to identify priorities for future research. The United Kingdom (UK) government is responsible for approximately 2% of the world’s oceans, most of which belongs to its 14 Overseas Territories (UKOTs). Containing biodiversity of global significance, and far in excess of the UK mainland’s domestic species, there has recently been a strong desire from many of the UKOTs, the UK Government, and NGOs to improve marine management in these places. Implementing evidence-based marine policy is, however, challenged by the disparate nature of scientific research in the UKOTs and knowledge gaps about the threats they face. Here, we address these issues by systematically searching for scientific literature which has examined UKOT marine biodiversity and by exploring publicly available spatial threat data. We find that UKOT marine biodiversity has received consistent, but largely low, levels of scientific interest, and there is considerable geographical and subject bias in research effort. Of particular concern is the lack of research focus on management or threats to biodiversity. The extent and intensity of threats vary amongst and within the UKOTs but unsurprisingly, climate change associated threats affect them all and direct human stressors are more prevalent in those with higher human populations. To meet global goals for effective conservation and management, there is an urgent need for additional and continued investment in research and management in the Overseas Territories, particularly those that have been of lesser focus.

KW - Anthropogenic threats

KW - Marine biodiversity conservation

KW - Evidence base

KW - Gap analysis

KW - Research synthesis

KW - UKOTs

U2 - 10.1007/s10531-018-1660-5

DO - 10.1007/s10531-018-1660-5

M3 - Article

SP - 363

EP - 383

JO - Biodiversity and Conservation

T2 - Biodiversity and Conservation

JF - Biodiversity and Conservation

SN - 0960-3115

ER -