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Examining the factor structure and validity of the English Precursors to Boredom scales

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Publication details

JournalLearning and individual differences
DateE-pub ahead of print - 1 Apr 2014
DatePublished (current) - May 2014
Number of pages7
Pages (from-to)254-260
Early online date1/04/14
Original languageEnglish


The primary goal of this study was to investigate the factor structure and validity of the English Precursors to Boredom Scales (E-PBS) in a sample of Canadian college students. Findings showed that the factor structure and item loadings of the E-PBS were comparable with those published on German samples. In addition, the present study examined criterion-related evidence between the E-PBS and students' self-efficacy for self-regulated learning (SESRL) and achievement. Our results showed negative associations between SESRL and four antecedents to boredom (i.e., being bored due to over-challenged, lack of meaning, opportunity costs, and general boredom tendency), whereas only one significant correlation—between being under-challenged and students' achievement—emerged.

    Research areas

  • Scale validation, Precursors to boredom, Self-efficacy for self-regulated learning, Achievement

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