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Expansins abundant in secondary xylem belong to subgroup a of the alpha-expansin gene family (1[w])

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Published copy (DOI)

Author(s)

  • M Gray-Mitsumune
  • E J Mellerowicz
  • H Abe
  • J Schrader
  • A Winzell
  • F Sterky
  • K Blomqvist
  • S McQueen-Mason
  • T T Teeri
  • B Sundberg

Department/unit(s)

Publication details

JournalPlant Physiology
DatePublished - Jul 2004
Issue number3
Volume135
Number of pages13
Pages (from-to)1552-1564
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Differentiation of xylem cells in dicotyledonous plants involves expansion of the radial primary cell walls and intrusive tip growth of cambial derivative cells prior to the deposition of a thick secondary wall essential for xylem function. Expansins are cell wall-residing proteins that have an ability to plasticize the cellulose-hemicellulose network of primary walls. We found expansin activity in proteins extracted from the cambial region of mature stems in a model tree species hybrid aspen (Populus tremula X Populus tremuloides Michx). We identified three a-expansin genes (PttEXP1, PttEXP2, and PttEXP8) and one beta-expansin gene (PttEXPB1) in a cambial region expressed sequence tag library, among which PttEXP1 was most abundantly represented. Northern-blot analyses in aspen vegetative organs and tissues showed that PttEXP1 was specifically expressed in mature stems exhibiting secondary growth, where it was present in the cambium and in the radial expansion zone. By contrast, PttEXP2 was mostly expressed in developing leaves. In situ reverse transcription-PCR provided evidence for accumulation of mRNA of PttEXP1 along with ribosomal rRNA at the tips of intrusively growing xylem fibers, suggesting that PttEXP1 protein has a role in intrusive tip growth. An examination of tension wood and leaf cDNA libraries identified another expansin, PttEXP5, very similar to PttEXP1, as the major expansin in developing tension wood, while PttEXP3 was the major expansin expressed in developing leaves. Comparative analysis of expansins expressed in woody stems in aspen, Arabidopsis, and pine showed that the most abundantly expressed expansins share sequence similarities, belonging to the subfamily A of alpha-expansins and having two conserved motifs at the beginning and end of the mature protein, RIPVG and KNFRV, respectively. This conservation suggests that these genes may share a specialized, not yet identified function.

    Research areas

  • CELL-WALL EXTENSION, LOW WATER POTENTIALS, MAIZE PRIMARY ROOT, TOMATO FRUIT, DIFFERENTIAL EXPRESSION, WOOD FORMATION, MESSENGER-RNA, GROWTH, LOCALIZATION, PROTEINS

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