Expectation Violation Leads to Generalization: The Effect of Prediction Error on the Acquisition of New Syntactic Structures

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Standard

Expectation Violation Leads to Generalization : The Effect of Prediction Error on the Acquisition of New Syntactic Structures. / Bovolenta, Giulia; Marsden, Emma.

Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. Vol. 43 2021.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Harvard

Bovolenta, G & Marsden, E 2021, Expectation Violation Leads to Generalization: The Effect of Prediction Error on the Acquisition of New Syntactic Structures. in Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. vol. 43. <https://escholarship.org/uc/item/3j62f7hv>

APA

Bovolenta, G., & Marsden, E. (2021). Expectation Violation Leads to Generalization: The Effect of Prediction Error on the Acquisition of New Syntactic Structures. In Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (Vol. 43) https://escholarship.org/uc/item/3j62f7hv

Vancouver

Bovolenta G, Marsden E. Expectation Violation Leads to Generalization: The Effect of Prediction Error on the Acquisition of New Syntactic Structures. In Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. Vol. 43. 2021

Author

Bovolenta, Giulia ; Marsden, Emma. / Expectation Violation Leads to Generalization : The Effect of Prediction Error on the Acquisition of New Syntactic Structures. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. Vol. 43 2021.

Bibtex - Download

@inproceedings{ad06208cdead4eba8246f1dfbbdad2e4,
title = "Expectation Violation Leads to Generalization: The Effect of Prediction Error on the Acquisition of New Syntactic Structures",
abstract = "Prediction error is known to enhance priming effects for familiar syntactic structures; it also strengthens the formation of new declarative memories. Here, we investigate whether violating expectations may aid the acquisition of new abstract syntactic structures, too, by enhancing memory for individual instances which can then form the basis for abstraction. In a cross-situational artificial language learning paradigm, participants were exposed to novel syntactic structures in ways that either violated their expectations (Surprisal group) or that conformed to them (Control group). Results from a delayed post-test show that participants in the Surprisal group developed stronger representations of the structures{\textquoteright} form-meaning mappings and were better able to generalize them to new instances, relative to the Control group. ",
author = "Giulia Bovolenta and Emma Marsden",
year = "2021",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
booktitle = "Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - GEN

T1 - Expectation Violation Leads to Generalization

T2 - The Effect of Prediction Error on the Acquisition of New Syntactic Structures

AU - Bovolenta, Giulia

AU - Marsden, Emma

PY - 2021

Y1 - 2021

N2 - Prediction error is known to enhance priming effects for familiar syntactic structures; it also strengthens the formation of new declarative memories. Here, we investigate whether violating expectations may aid the acquisition of new abstract syntactic structures, too, by enhancing memory for individual instances which can then form the basis for abstraction. In a cross-situational artificial language learning paradigm, participants were exposed to novel syntactic structures in ways that either violated their expectations (Surprisal group) or that conformed to them (Control group). Results from a delayed post-test show that participants in the Surprisal group developed stronger representations of the structures’ form-meaning mappings and were better able to generalize them to new instances, relative to the Control group.

AB - Prediction error is known to enhance priming effects for familiar syntactic structures; it also strengthens the formation of new declarative memories. Here, we investigate whether violating expectations may aid the acquisition of new abstract syntactic structures, too, by enhancing memory for individual instances which can then form the basis for abstraction. In a cross-situational artificial language learning paradigm, participants were exposed to novel syntactic structures in ways that either violated their expectations (Surprisal group) or that conformed to them (Control group). Results from a delayed post-test show that participants in the Surprisal group developed stronger representations of the structures’ form-meaning mappings and were better able to generalize them to new instances, relative to the Control group.

M3 - Conference contribution

VL - 43

BT - Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society

ER -