Exploitation and exploration climates' influence on performance and creativity: Diminishing returns as a function of self-efficacy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Published copy (DOI)


  • Giles Hirst
  • Dan van van Knippenberg
  • Qin Zhou
  • Cherrie Jiuhua Zhu
  • Philip Cheng-Fei Tsai


Publication details

JournalJournal of Management
DateAccepted/In press - 2015
DatePublished (current) - 1 Mar 2018
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)870-891
Original languageEnglish


In response to calls for multi-level research examining individual and meso-level processes to understand how exploitation and exploration dynamics play out in teams, we propose that individual in-role performance (cf. exploitation) and creativity (cf. exploration) are associated with team exploitation and exploration climate respectively, and this influence is moderated by domain specific performance and creative self-efficacy respectively. Studying 317 engineers in 70 teams across three national regions we theorize and find domain-specific evidence that when individual self-efficacy is high, team climate has diminishing performance (exploitation climate x performance self-efficacy) and creative (exploration climate x creative self-efficacy) benefits. By simultaneously studying creativity and performance, our study helps understand the differences and commonalities in the drivers of those outcomes in identifying both the domain-specific character of these influences and the similarity in how these influences play out.

    Research areas

  • creativity, performance, multi-level, team climate, SELF-EFFICACY

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