"Feeding in" and "Feeding out", and Integrating Immigrants and Ethnic Minorities: A study of national policies

J Bradshaw, F Bennett, M Maynard

Research output: Book/ReportBook


At the Lisbon summit in 2000, the European Council agreed to adopt an 'open method of coordination' in order to make a decisive impact on the eradication of poverty and social exclusion by 2010. Member states adopted common objectives at the Nice European Council and all member states drew up National Action Plans against poverty and social exclusion (NAPs/inclusion). Early in 2003, the European Commission established a group of non-government experts responsible for providing an independent critical review of member states' NAPs/inclusion. This is the second semester 2006 report from the UK experts in response to common guidelines. The report has two main topics: the first is an assessment by the experts of the 'feeding-in' and 'feeding-out' dynamic between social inclusion and the National Reform Programme on growth and jobs in their country (drawing on the Implementation Reports submitted by Member States in October 2006). The second is a critical review of national policies on integrating immigrants and ethnic minorities.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationLuxembourg
PublisherEuropean Commission, Directorate General of Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • social exclusion, income, poverty

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