Feeding management strategies among the early Neolithic pigs in the NE of the Iberian Peninsula

Vanessa Navarrete, Andre Carlo Colonese, Carlos Tornero, Ferran Antolin, Matthew Von Tersch, Eulàlia Subirà, Pau Comes, Antoni Rosell-Melé, Maria Saña Segui

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The socio-economic relevance of domesticated animals during the Early Neolithic in the Iberian Peninsula is indisputable, yet we essentially know little about the way they were managed. Among domesticated animals, pig (Sus domesticus) was a common food source and previous studies have shown the potential of stable isotopes for assessing variability in pig diet in relation to husbandry practices. Nevertheless, this approach has never been applied to the earliest pigs in the Iberian Peninsula. We analyzed the carbon and nitrogen stable isotope composition of pig bone collagen from several Early Neolithic sites in the NE Iberian Peninsula. While pig δ13C values were similar across different populations, there were significant differences in δ15N values between sites. These are attributed to different pig husbandry systems, which may reflect distinct social and spatial organization and interaction with environmental conditions during the Early Neolithic in this region.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-26
Number of pages26
JournalInternational Journal of Osteoarchaeology
Early online date25 May 2017
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 May 2017

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