First Measurement of Hard Exclusive π- Δ++ Electroproduction Beam-Spin Asymmetries off the Proton

CLAS Collaboration

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The polarized cross-section ratio σLT′/σ0 from hard exclusive π-Δ++ electroproduction off an unpolarized hydrogen target has been extracted based on beam-spin asymmetry measurements using a 10.2 GeV/10.6 GeV incident electron beam and the CLAS12 spectrometer at Jefferson Lab. The study, which provides the first observation of this channel in the deep-inelastic regime, focuses on very forward-pion kinematics in the valence regime, and photon virtualities ranging from 1.5 GeV2 up to 7 GeV2. The reaction provides a novel access to the d-quark content of the nucleon and to p→Δ++ transition generalized parton distributions. A comparison to existing results for hard exclusive π+n and π0p electroproduction is provided, which shows a clear impact of the excitation mechanism, encoded in transition generalized parton distributions, on the asymmetry.

Original languageEnglish
Article number021901
Number of pages7
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jul 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We acknowledge the outstanding efforts of the staff of the Accelerator and the Physics Divisions at Jefferson Lab in making this experiment possible. We owe much gratitude to P. Kroll for many fruitful discussions concerning the interpretation of our results. This work was supported in part by the U.S. Department of Energy, the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Italian Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), the French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), the French Commissariat pour l’Energie Atomique, the UK Science and Technology Facilities Council, the National Research Foundation (NRF) of Korea, the Helmholtz-Forschungsakademie Hessen für FAIR (HFHF), the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), and the Chilean Agency of Research and Development (ANID). The Southeastern Universities Research Association (SURA) operates the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 authors. Published by the American Physical Society.

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