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Fluctuating temperature leads to evolution of thermal generalism and preadaptation to novel environments

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Published copy (DOI)

Author(s)

  • Tarmo Ketola
  • Lauri Mikonranta
  • Ji Zhang
  • Kati Saarinen
  • Anni-Maria Ormälä
  • Ville-Petri Friman
  • Johanna Mappes
  • Jouni Laakso

Department/unit(s)

Publication details

JournalEvolution: international journal of organic evolution
DateE-pub ahead of print - 22 May 2013
DatePublished (current) - Oct 2013
Issue number10
Volume67
Number of pages9
Pages (from-to)2936-2944
Early online date22/05/13
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Environmental fluctuations can select for generalism, which is also hypothesized to increase organisms' ability to invade novel environments. Here, we show that across a range of temperatures, opportunistic bacterial pathogen Serratia marcescens that evolved in fluctuating temperature (daily variation between 24°C and 38°C, mean 31°C) outperforms the strains that evolved in constant temperature (31°C). The growth advantage was also evident in novel environments in the presence of parasitic viruses and predatory protozoans, but less clear in the presence of stressful chemicals. Adaptation to fluctuating temperature also led to reduced virulence in Drosophila melanogaster host, which suggests that generalism can still be costly in terms of reduced fitness in other ecological contexts. While supporting the hypothesis that evolution of generalism is coupled with tolerance to several novel environments, our results also suggest that thermal fluctuations driven by the climate change could affect both species' invasiveness and virulence.

Bibliographical note

© 2013 The Author(s). Evolution © 2013 The Society for the Study of Evolution.

    Research areas

  • Adaptation, Biological, Analysis of Variance, Animals, Biological Evolution, Climate Change, Drosophila melanogaster, Serratia marcescens, Temperature, Virulence

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