From the same journal

From the same journal

Fortress UK? Gated communities, the spatial revolt of the elites and time-space trajectories of segregation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Published copy (DOI)


  • RG Atkinson
  • JF Flint


Publication details

JournalHousing Studies
DatePublished - Nov 2004
Issue number6
Number of pages18
Pages (from-to)875-892
Original languageEnglish


Anecdotal evidence suggests that 'gated communities' are growing in popularity. This paper uses empirical evidence to profile the location and characteristics of gated development in England and details the relative integration of residents. The paper also attempts to think through the wider theoretical and urban policy impacts of gating. In contrast to the view that gated communities provide an extreme example of residential segregation we go further and argue that the time-space trajectories of residents suggest a dynamic pattern of separation that goes beyond the place of residence. Gated communities appear to provide an extreme example of more common attempts by other social groups to insulate against perceived risk and unwanted encounters. Patterns of what we term time-space trajectories of segregation can thereby be seen as closed linkages between key fields, such as work and home, which enable social distance to be maintained and perceived risks to be managed by elite social groups. We conclude that gated communities further extend contemporary segregatory tendencies in the city and that policy responses are required which curtail the creation of such havens of social withdrawal.

    Research areas

  • United kingdom, england, urban areas, housing, impact, crime prevention, communities, social impact, security, residents, policy, wk, nfb

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