By the same authors

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From the same journal

Four-part choral synthesis system for investigating intonation in a cappella choral singing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Four-part choral synthesis system for investigating intonation in a cappella choral singing. / Howard, David Martin; Daffern, Helena; Brereton, Judith Sara.

In: Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology, Vol. 38, No. 3, 10.2013, p. 135-142.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Howard, DM, Daffern, H & Brereton, JS 2013, 'Four-part choral synthesis system for investigating intonation in a cappella choral singing', Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 135-142. https://doi.org/10.3109/14015439.2013.812143

APA

Howard, D. M., Daffern, H., & Brereton, J. S. (2013). Four-part choral synthesis system for investigating intonation in a cappella choral singing. Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology, 38(3), 135-142. https://doi.org/10.3109/14015439.2013.812143

Vancouver

Howard DM, Daffern H, Brereton JS. Four-part choral synthesis system for investigating intonation in a cappella choral singing. Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology. 2013 Oct;38(3):135-142. https://doi.org/10.3109/14015439.2013.812143

Author

Howard, David Martin ; Daffern, Helena ; Brereton, Judith Sara. / Four-part choral synthesis system for investigating intonation in a cappella choral singing. In: Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology. 2013 ; Vol. 38, No. 3. pp. 135-142.

Bibtex - Download

@article{ae1118124eb7453f90c25bb58d163105,
title = "Four-part choral synthesis system for investigating intonation in a cappella choral singing",
abstract = "Accurate tuning is an important aspect of singing in harmony in the context of a choir or vocal ensemble. Tuning and {\textquoteleft}pitch drift{\textquoteright} are concerning factors in performance for even the most accomplished professional choirs when singing a cappella (unaccompanied). In less experienced choirs tuning often lacks precision, typically because individual singers have not developed appropriate listening skills. In order to investigate accuracy of tuning in ensemble singing situations, a chorally appropriate reference is required against which frequency measurements can be made. Since most basic choral singing involves chords in four parts, a four-part reference template is used in which the fundamental frequencies of the notes in each chord can be accurately set. This template can now be used in experiments where three of the reference parts are tuned in any musical temperament (tuning system), in this case equal and just temperaments, and played over headphones to a singer to allow her/his tuning strategy to be investigated. This paper describes a practical implementation of a four-part choral synthesis system in Pure Data (Pd) and its use in an investigation of tuning of notes by individual singers using an exercise originally written to explore pitch drift in a cappella choral singing.",
keywords = "singing, choral , tuning, intonation, a cappella, voice synthesis, VOICE",
author = "Howard, {David Martin} and Helena Daffern and Brereton, {Judith Sara}",
year = "2013",
month = oct,
doi = "10.3109/14015439.2013.812143",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "135--142",
journal = "Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology",
issn = "1401-5439",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",
number = "3",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Four-part choral synthesis system for investigating intonation in a cappella choral singing

AU - Howard, David Martin

AU - Daffern, Helena

AU - Brereton, Judith Sara

PY - 2013/10

Y1 - 2013/10

N2 - Accurate tuning is an important aspect of singing in harmony in the context of a choir or vocal ensemble. Tuning and ‘pitch drift’ are concerning factors in performance for even the most accomplished professional choirs when singing a cappella (unaccompanied). In less experienced choirs tuning often lacks precision, typically because individual singers have not developed appropriate listening skills. In order to investigate accuracy of tuning in ensemble singing situations, a chorally appropriate reference is required against which frequency measurements can be made. Since most basic choral singing involves chords in four parts, a four-part reference template is used in which the fundamental frequencies of the notes in each chord can be accurately set. This template can now be used in experiments where three of the reference parts are tuned in any musical temperament (tuning system), in this case equal and just temperaments, and played over headphones to a singer to allow her/his tuning strategy to be investigated. This paper describes a practical implementation of a four-part choral synthesis system in Pure Data (Pd) and its use in an investigation of tuning of notes by individual singers using an exercise originally written to explore pitch drift in a cappella choral singing.

AB - Accurate tuning is an important aspect of singing in harmony in the context of a choir or vocal ensemble. Tuning and ‘pitch drift’ are concerning factors in performance for even the most accomplished professional choirs when singing a cappella (unaccompanied). In less experienced choirs tuning often lacks precision, typically because individual singers have not developed appropriate listening skills. In order to investigate accuracy of tuning in ensemble singing situations, a chorally appropriate reference is required against which frequency measurements can be made. Since most basic choral singing involves chords in four parts, a four-part reference template is used in which the fundamental frequencies of the notes in each chord can be accurately set. This template can now be used in experiments where three of the reference parts are tuned in any musical temperament (tuning system), in this case equal and just temperaments, and played over headphones to a singer to allow her/his tuning strategy to be investigated. This paper describes a practical implementation of a four-part choral synthesis system in Pure Data (Pd) and its use in an investigation of tuning of notes by individual singers using an exercise originally written to explore pitch drift in a cappella choral singing.

KW - singing

KW - choral

KW - tuning

KW - intonation

KW - a cappella

KW - voice synthesis

KW - VOICE

U2 - 10.3109/14015439.2013.812143

DO - 10.3109/14015439.2013.812143

M3 - Article

VL - 38

SP - 135

EP - 142

JO - Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology

JF - Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology

SN - 1401-5439

IS - 3

ER -