By the same authors

From the same journal

From the same journal

Francis Bacon’s Doctrine of Idols: A Diagnosis of ‘Universal Madness’

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Full text download(s)

Published copy (DOI)

Author(s)

Department/unit(s)

Publication details

JournalBritish Journal for the History of Science
DateSubmitted - 2016
DateAccepted/In press - 6 Nov 2018
DateE-pub ahead of print - 30 Jan 2019
DatePublished (current) - 5 Mar 2019
Issue number1
Volume52
Number of pages39
Pages (from-to)1-39
Early online date30/01/19
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

The doctrine of idols is one of the most famous aspects of Bacon's thought. Yet his claim that the idols lead to madness has gone almost entirely unnoticed. This paper argues that Bacon's theory of idols underlies his diagnosis of the contemporary condition as one of 'universal madness'. In contrast to interpretations that locate his doctrine of error and recovery within the biblical narrative of the Fall, the present analysis focuses on the material and cultural sources of the mind's tendency towards error. It explains the idols in terms of Bacon's materialist psychology and his exposé of the debilitating effects of language and traditional learning. In so doing, it highlights the truly radical nature of the idols. For Bacon, the first step towards sanity was to alert people to the prevailing madness. The doctrine of idols was intended as a wake-up call, preparing the way for a remedy in the form of his new method of inquiry. The paper concludes by indicating how Bacon's method aimed to treat 'universal madness', and it suggests that his diagnosis influenced John Locke.

Bibliographical note

© British Society for the History of Science 2019. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details.

Discover related content

Find related publications, people, projects, datasets and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations