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From bacterial to human dihydrouridine synthase: automated structure determination

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JournalActa Crystallographica Section D: Biological Crystallography
DatePublished - 1 Jul 2015
Issue numberPt 7
Volume71
Number of pages8
Pages (from-to)1564-1571
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

The reduction of uridine to dihydrouridine at specific positions in tRNA is catalysed by dihydrouridine synthase (Dus) enzymes. Increased expression of human dihydrouridine synthase 2 (hDus2) has been linked to pulmonary carcinogenesis, while its knockdown decreased cancer cell line viability, suggesting that it may serve as a valuable target for therapeutic intervention. Here, the X-ray crystal structure of a construct of hDus2 encompassing the catalytic and tRNA-recognition domains (residues 1-340) determined at 1.9 Å resolution is presented. It is shown that the structure can be determined automatically by phenix.mr_rosetta starting from a bacterial Dus enzyme with only 18% sequence identity and a significantly divergent structure. The overall fold of the human Dus2 is similar to that of bacterial enzymes, but has a larger recognition domain and a unique three-stranded antiparallel β-sheet insertion into the catalytic domain that packs next to the recognition domain, contributing to domain-domain interactions. The structure may inform the development of novel therapeutic approaches in the fight against lung cancer.

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