From relief to development: The long-term effects of 'temporary' accommodation on refugees and displaced persons in the Republic of Croatia

S Ellis, S Barakat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The increasing scale of international intervention in conflict is generating new pressures on the humanitarian community. Increased expenditure on emergency relief, static levels of overseas development aid and subsequent lack of funds for development are dictating that agencies design relief projects that positively effect developmental reconstruction.

This paper examines the provision of shelter for refugees and displaced persons in the Republic of Croatia and identifies ways in which it has encouraged and discouraged sustainable reconstruction. It argues that to promote lasting reconstruction, programmes must focus on saving livelihoods as well as lives, thus minimising the long-term psychological and physical impacts of aid on refugees, displaced persons and host communities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-124
Number of pages14
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1996

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