"Gender critical" beliefs and the European Convention on Human Rights

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review


An Employment Tribunal in the UK has held that a person who believes that sex is biologically immutable and that it is impossible for a human being to change sex does not qualify for protection under British equality law. To reach this conclusion, the Employment Tribunal relied upon the established jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights in respect of the rights and freedoms of transgender people. The judgment of the Employment Tribunal, which is a vital assertion of the underlying principles of equality law in response to "gender critical" beliefs, can be regarded as consistent with the judgment of the High Court of England and Wales in respect of the freedom to express gender critical views.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-121
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Human Rights Law Review
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details

Cite this