General Probabilistic Theories with a Gleason-type Theorem

Victoria J Wright, Stefan Weigert

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Gleason-type theorems for quantum theory allow one to recover the quantum state space by assuming that (i) states consistently assign probabilities to measurement outcomes and that (ii) there is a unique state for every such assignment. We identify the class of general probabilistic theories
which also admit Gleason-type theorems. It contains theories satisfying the
no-restriction hypothesis as well as others which can simulate such an unrestricted theory arbitrarily well when allowing for post-selection on measurement outcomes. Our result also implies that the standard no-restriction hypothesis applied to effects is not equivalent to the dual no-restriction hypothesis applied to states which is found to be less restrictive.
Original languageEnglish
Article number588
Number of pages34
Publication statusPublished - 25 Nov 2021

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