Global solar photovoltaic industry: An overview and national competitiveness of Taiwan

Fu Jia, Hui Sun*, S. C. Lenny Koh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Global Solar Photovoltaic (PV) industry is fast evolving and is heavily affected by the government policies. In this study, it has been attempted to present a detailed comparison of the solar PV industry of five countries (i.e., Taiwan,1 China, Japan, Germany and USA) in terms of policy, industry and supply chain analyses. Based on a rich description and mapping of PV supply chain, it's found that China is the biggest producer and consumer of PV products and Taiwan is only strong in solar cell production. The double-anti duties make Taiwan overly reliant on China and Taiwan gradually loses its competitive advantage even in cell production. The success of China is explained adopting Porter's national competitiveness perspective based on the supply chain analysis. Finally, some recommendations are provided to improve national competitiveness for Taiwanese solar photovoltaic industry. This paper contributes to the clean production literature by providing a comprehensive mapping of PV industry supply chain, comparing the industry of five countries and making tailored policy recommendations to Taiwan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)550-562
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jul 2016


  • Deployment policy
  • Institutional environment
  • Solar photovoltaic
  • Supply chain
  • Taiwan

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