Green chemistry, biorefineries and second generation strategies for re-use of waste: An overview

L. A. Pfaltzgraff, J. H. Clark*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Today fossil resources supply 86% of our energy and 96% of organic chemicals. Future petroleum production is unlikely to meet our society's growing needs. Green chemistry is an area which is attracting increasing interest as it provides unique opportunities for innovation via use of clean and green technologies, product substitution and the use of renewable feedstocks such as dedicated crops or food supply chain by-products for the production of bio-derived chemicals, materials and fuels. This chapter provides an introduction to the concepts of green chemistry and the biorefinery and, based on examples, discusses second generation re-use of waste and by-products as feedstocks for the biorefinery.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Biorefineries
Subtitle of host publicationBiomass and Waste Supply Chain Exploitation
Number of pages31
ISBN (Print)9780857095213
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2014


  • Biorefinery
  • Clean technologies
  • Food supply chain waste
  • Green chemistry
  • Renewable and sustainable resources
  • Resource intelligence

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