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Ground and excited state resonance Raman spectra of an azacrown-substituted [(bpy)Re(CO)3L]+ complex: Characterization of excited states, determination of structure and bonding, and observation of metal cation release from the azacrown

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JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
DatePublished - 11 Jan 2007
Issue number1
Number of pages9
Pages (from-to)50-58
Original languageEnglish


A [(bpy)Re(CO)3L]+ complex (bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine) in which L contains a phenyl-azacrown ether that is attached to Re via an amidopyridyl linking group has been studied by steady state and nanosecond time-resolved resonance Raman spectroscopy. Vibrational band assignments have been aided by studies of model complexes in which a similar electron-donating dimethylamino group replaces the azacrown or in which an electron-donor group is absent, and by density functional theory calculations. The ground state resonance Raman spectra show ¿(bpy) and ¿(CO) bands of the (bpy)Re(CO)3 group when excitation is exclusively in resonance with the Re ¿ bpy metal-to-ligand charge-transfer (MLCT) transition, whereas L ligand bands are dominant when it is in resonance with the strong intra-ligand charge-transfer (ILCT) transition present for L ligands with electron-donor groups. Transient resonance Raman (RR) spectra obtained on single color (385 nm) pulsed excitation of the complexes in which an electron-donor group is absent show bpy•- bands of the MLCT excited state, whereas those of the complexes with electron-donor groups show both bpy•- bands and a down-shifted ¿(CO) band that together are characteristic of an L-to-bpy ligand-to-ligand charge-transfer (LLCT) excited state. Samples in which a metal cation (Li+, Na+, Ca2+, Ba2+) is bound to the azacrown in the ground state show bands from both excited states, consistent with a mechanism in which the LLCT state forms after metal cation release from the MLCT state. Nanosecond time-resolved RR spectra from two-color (355 nm pump, 500 nm probe) experiments on the electron-donor systems show L-ligand bands characteristic of the LLCT state; the same bands are observed from samples in which a metal cation is bound to the azacrown in the ground state, and their time dependence is consistent with the proposed mechanism in which the rate constant for ion release in the MLCT state depends on the identity of the metal cation.

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