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Habitat management as a generalized tool to boost European rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus populations in the Iberian Peninsula: a cost-effectiveness analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


  • Catarina FERREIRA
  • Julia M. Touza
  • Carlos ROUCO
  • Francisco DÍAZ-RUIZ
  • Carlos Antonio RÍOS-SALDAÑA
  • Pablo FERRERAS


Publication details

JournalMammal Review
DatePublished - Jan 2014
Issue number1
Number of pages14
Pages (from-to)30-43
Original languageEnglish


1. The European rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus was designated as a protected
species in Spain and Portugal following sharp declines in many populations. The
ongoing decline highlights the need to implement cost-effective management
strategies for this staple prey and important small game species of Iberian
Mediterranean ecosystems.
2. Habitat management is one strategy in general use, though little is known
about its true influence on rabbit populations. The main goal of this study was to assess the frequency of use and cost-effectiveness of habitat management techniques for European rabbit populations in the Iberian Peninsula.We conducted a thorough literature review and used this information to: (i) estimate the frequency of use of habitat management techniques; (ii) evaluate the relative and absolute effectiveness of habitat management; and (iii) assess the economic implications of its application.
3. At least one habitat management technique was used on over 60% of hunting
estates. The relative effectiveness (measured as the % population change before and after management) of habitat management techniques is high, although we
found no relationship between high relative effectiveness and rabbit densities considered biologically and/or economically meaningful (e.g. densities able to support a breeding population of endangered predators or medium to high rabbit harvest yields). We did not find any clear relationship between the cost and the effectiveness of the habitat management techniques applied, as the most costly techniques were not the most successful ones.
4. We conclude that rabbit management strategies in the Iberian Peninsula should include improved and upscaled protocols for habitat management, in order to mitigate threats and promote the recovery of rabbit populations.

    Research areas

  • economic assessment, evidence-based conservation, Cost-effectiveness, habitat management, population management, conservation policy, hunting

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