## Abstract

The helicities of the magnetic fields associated with non-relativistic electron vortex beams are considered for radially extended Bessel modes. Investigating the helicity density of this system lies in realizing the unique electric and magnetic properties of electron vortex beams that influence their interactions with matter. We have evaluated the vector potential components needed for the derivation of the magnetic helicity density and found that this has a non-zero distribution. This is attributed entirely to the cylindrically symmetric density flux of the electron beam, which scales with the winding number ℓ . It is also related to the magnetic moments of the electron oriented along the z-direction, giving rise to the z-component of the magnetic field. We obtain different helicity distributions for different signs of winding number ± ℓ , which confirms the chiral character of the magnetic fields associated with the electron vortex beam. The physical consequences of taking the spin current density into consideration are also examined. This allows a comparison to be made between the evaluated total current helicities, one with and one without including the spin-polarization.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 325303 |

Number of pages | 17 |

Journal | Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical |

Volume | 57 |

Issue number | 32 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 29 Jul 2024 |

### Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:© 2024 IOP Publishing Ltd.

## Keywords

- chirality
- current density
- electrons
- helicity
- vortex beams