Heterogeneity in the Impact of Type of Schooling on Adult Health and Lifestyle

Anirban Basu, Andrew Michael Jones, Pedro Rosa Dias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Using data from a major educational reform in England and Wales, we examine heterogeneity in the long-term impacts of the exposure to different secondary schooling systems, characterized by selective early-tracking system versus non-selective comprehensive schooling, on health outcomes and smoking. We adopt a local instrumental variables approach to estimate person-centered treatment (PeT) effects, thereby recovering the full distribution of individual-level causal effects. We find that the transition from a selective early-tracking system to a non-selective one produced, on a fraction of individuals, significantly increased depression and cigarette smoking. These effects were persistent over time. Cognitive abilities did not moderate the effects, but students with lower non-cognitive skills were most likely to be negatively affected by this exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Health Economics
Early online date2 Nov 2017
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018

Bibliographical note

©2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy.


  • Educational reform
  • Health
  • Heterogeneity
  • Instrumental variable
  • Lifestyle

Cite this