Heterogeneous catalysts for cyclic carbonate synthesis from carbon dioxide and epoxides

Aryane A. Marciniak, Katie J. Lamb, Leonardo P. Ozorio, Claudio J.A. Mota, Michael North*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


This review surveys six classes of heterogeneous catalysts that have been used in the conversion of epoxides and CO2 into cyclic carbonates; metal organic frameworks (MOFs); silica-based catalysts; organic polymer supports; metal oxides; zeolites and carbon-based catalysts. Many of these catalysts are extremely active in the ring-opening of terminal epoxides, require fairly mild conditions and can be made in a sustainable manner. Some catalytic systems however require toxic and hazardous chemicals in their synthesis, and many struggle to ring-open the more sterically demanding and hindered internal epoxides. This review covers the most recent heterogeneous catalysts reported in the literature, not only from a catalytic efficiency perspective but also from a green chemistry and sustainable viewpoint.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100365
Number of pages52
JournalCurrent Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry
Early online date11 Jun 2020
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Bibliographical note

© 2020 Elsevier B.V. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy.


  • Carbon dioxide
  • Catalysts
  • Cyclic carbonates
  • Epoxides
  • Heterogeneous catalysis

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