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Heterogeneous catalysts for cyclic carbonate synthesis from carbon dioxide and epoxides

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JournalCurrent Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry
DateAccepted/In press - 19 May 2020
DateE-pub ahead of print - 11 Jun 2020
DatePublished (current) - Dec 2020
Volume26
Number of pages52
Early online date11/06/20
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

This review surveys six classes of heterogeneous catalysts that have been used in the conversion of epoxides and CO2 into cyclic carbonates; metal organic frameworks (MOFs); silica-based catalysts; organic polymer supports; metal oxides; zeolites and carbon-based catalysts. Many of these catalysts are extremely active in the ring-opening of terminal epoxides, require fairly mild conditions and can be made in a sustainable manner. Some catalytic systems however require toxic and hazardous chemicals in their synthesis, and many struggle to ring-open the more sterically demanding and hindered internal epoxides. This review covers the most recent heterogeneous catalysts reported in the literature, not only from a catalytic efficiency perspective but also from a green chemistry and sustainable viewpoint.

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© 2020 Elsevier B.V. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy.

    Research areas

  • Carbon dioxide, Catalysts, Cyclic carbonates, Epoxides, Heterogeneous catalysis

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