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Highly fluorinated naphthalenes and bifurcated C-H⋯F-C hydrogen bonding

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Published copy (DOI)

Author(s)

  • Jason R. Loader
  • Stefano Libri
  • Anthony J. H. M. Meijer
  • Robin N. Perutz
  • Lee Brammer

Department/unit(s)

Publication details

JournalCrystEngComm
DateE-pub ahead of print - 17 Sep 2014
DatePublished (current) - 7 Nov 2014
Issue number41
Volume16
Number of pages10
Pages (from-to)9711-9720
Early online date17/09/14
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

The synthesis and crystal structures of 1,2,4,5,6,8-hexafluoronaphthalene and 1,2,4,6,8-pentafluoronaphthalene are reported. Intermolecular interactions are dominated by offset stacking and by C-H⋯F-C hydrogen bonds. For hexafluoronaphthalene, molecules are linked in layers with (4,4) network topology via R12(6) C-H⋯(F-C)2supramolecular synthons that are rationalised by consideration of the calculated electrostatic potential of the molecule. Such an arrangement is prevented by the additional hydrogen atom in pentafluoronaphthalene and molecules instead form tapes via an R12(8) (C-H⋯F)2synthon. The geometric characteristics of C-H⋯(F-C)2bifurcated hydrogen bonds have been analysed for crystal structures in the Cambridge Structural Database (6416 crystal structures; 9534 C-H⋯(F-C)2bifurcated hydrogen bonds). A geometric analysis of these hydrogen bonds has enabled the extent of asymmetry of these hydrogen bonds to be assessed and indicates a preference for symmetrically bifurcated interactions.

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