By the same authors

From the same journal

HIV testing among men who have sex with men (MSM): Systematic review of qualitative evidence

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Published copy (DOI)


  • T. Lorenc
  • I. Marrero-Guillamón
  • A. Llewellyn
  • A. Lehmann
  • Catriona Lindsay
  • P. Aggleton
  • C. Cooper


Publication details

DatePublished - 1 Oct 2011
Issue number5
Number of pages13
Pages (from-to)834-46
Original languageEnglish


We conducted a systematic review of qualitative evidence relating to the views and attitudes of men who have sex with men (MSM) concerning testing for HIV. Studies conducted in high-income countries (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development members) since 1996 were included. Seventeen studies were identified, most of gay or bisexual men. Data were analysed using a thematic analysis methodology. The uncertainty of unknown HIV status is an important motive for testing; however, denial is also a common response to uncertainty. Fear of the consequences of a positive HIV test is widespread and may take several forms. A sense of responsibility towards oneself or one's partner may be a motive for testing. The perception of stigma, from other gay men or from the wider culture, is a barrier to testing. Gay and other MSM have clear preferences regarding testing services, particularly for those that are community based, include non-judgemental and gay-positive service providers, and offer a high degree of confidentiality. © The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • AIDS Serodiagnosis, HIV Infections, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Homosexuality, Male, Humans, Male, Qualitative Research, Social Responsibility, Social Stigma

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