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HOST-SPECIFICITY OF RHIZOBIUM-LEGUMINOSARUM IS DETERMINED BY THE HYDROPHOBICITY OF HIGHLY UNSATURATED PATTY ACYL MOIETIES OF THE NODULATION FACTORS

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JournalMOLECULAR PLANT-MICROBE INTERACTIONS
DatePublished - 1995
Issue number1
Volume8
Number of pages10
Pages (from-to)155-164
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

The nodE genes of Rhizobium leguminosarum bvs, trifolii and viciae strains are the major determinants of the host range of nodulation, Using mass spectrometry we have analyzed the structures of the major and minor lipooligosaccharides produced by two R, leguminosarum strains that differ only in the origin of the nod genes, The strain containing the nod genes of R. l. by. viciae produces lipo-chitin oligosaccharide (LCO) molecules that contain the common cis-vaccenyl (C18:1) or a highly unsaturated acyl (C18:4) group that is determined by nodE (Spaink et al, Nature 354:125-130, 1991), Here we show that, in addition, minor quantities of analogous molecules that contain different common fatty acyl groups such as stearyl (C18:0), palmityl (C16:0), and palmitoyl (C16:1) groups are produced, The set of LCOs produced by the strain containing the R. l. by. trifolii nod genes is similar, but major differences are found in the length and unsaturation of the fatty acyl groups of various LCOs. The R. l, by. trifolii strain does not produce LCO molecules that contain the C18:4 fatty acyl group. Instead, a complex mixture of other unsaturated fatty acyl groups containing either two, three, or four double bonds is produced, These novel fatty acyl groups are more hydrophobic than the C18:4 fatty acyl group found in by. viciae, as judged by highperformance liquid chromatography retention times, probably as a result of the longer carbon chain length, the lack of a cis double bond, or both, Another difference is that the relative amount of highly unsaturated fatty acid-containing LCOs produced by R. l. by. trifolii is much smaller An isogenic R. l. by. trifolii strain containing a Tn5 insertion in the nodE gene only produces LCOs containing the common fatty acyl groups and not the highly unsaturated types, The results indicate that the difference in the host range of the R. l. bvs, viciae and trifolii is determined by the overall hydrophobicity of the highly unsaturated fatty acyl moieties of LCOs rather than by a specific structural feature.

    Research areas

  • CHITIN, MASS SPECTROMETRY, SIGNAL MOLECULES, LIPO-OLIGOSACCHARIDE SIGNALS, SYM-PLASMID, ROOT NODULE, GENES, MELILOTI, TRIFOLII, CLOVER, IDENTIFICATION, RECOGNITION, EXPRESSION

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