Housing Provision and Excess Mortality in Glasgow and Scotland

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report



Publication details

DatePublished - Mar 2015
Number of pages146
PublisherNHS Health Scotland
Original languageEnglish


Mortality in Scotland is higher than mortality in England, and rates in Glasgow
are higher than those in Liverpool and Manchester. This is true even after
deprivation has been taken into account. This ‘excess’ mortality has been
attributed to a ‘Scottish’ and a ‘Glasgow’ effect.
• This study is one of a group exploring explanations for the excess mortality. It
focuses on differences in housing quality, and access and allocation to housing.
• There do not appear to have been marked differences between the nations or the
cities in the age of homes or in access to amenities.
• In the late twentieth century, local authority rents were lower in Scotland than in
England, and slightly fewer households shared their homes.
• However, from 1939-2011, residents of Scotland and Glasgow were markedly
disadvantaged compared to those of England and to Liverpool and Manchester,
in terms of the proportion of households living in flats, living in small homes, who
were overcrowded, and who lacked central heating. Scotland and Glasgow had
higher proportions of local authority tenants housing, Scotland also appeared to
have less housing wealth, and Glasgow more damp homes, than the comparators
There is enough evidence to say that differences in housing conditions between
Scotland and England and between Glasgow and Liverpool and Manchester are
likely to play some role in the excess mortality. The differences were marked,
particularly when average lifetime risk exposure is considered, and operated over the relevant periods, for the relevant cohorts.

    Research areas

  • housing, mortality, SCOTLAND, GLASGOW

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