Hyperpolarisation through reversible interactions with parahydrogen

Lyrelle S. Lloyd*, Aziz Asghar, Michael J. Burns, Adrian Charlton, Steven Coombes, Michael J. Cowley, Gordon J. Dear, Simon B. Duckett, Georgi R. Genov, Gary G. R. Green, Louise A. R. Highton, Alexander J. J. Hooper, Majid Khan, Iman G. Khazal, Richard J. Lewis, Ryan E. Mewis, Andrew D. Roberts, Amy J. Ruddlesden

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We describe here how the complexes Ir(COD)(NHC)Cl [NHC = IMes, SIMes, IPr, SIPr, ICy, IMe and ImMe2NPri 2] provide significant insight into the catalytic process that underpins the hyperpolarization method signal amplification by reversible exchange (SABRE). These complexes react with pyridine and H2to produce [Ir(H)2(NHC)(py)3]Cl which undergo ligand exchange on a timescale commensurate with good catalytic activity for the signal amplification by reversible exchange effect. This activity results from hydride ligand magnetic inequivalence and is highly dependent on the NHC. Variable temperature and kinetic studies demonstrate that rates of ligand loss which lie between 0.1 and 0.5 s-1are ideal for catalysis. A role for the solvent complex [Ir(H)2(MeOH)(NHC)(py)2]Cl, which contains chemically inequivalent hydride ligands is revealed in the ligand exchange pathway. By optimisation of the conditions and NHC, a 5500-fold total pyridine signal enhancement is revealed when the NHC is IMes. Both T1-reduction effects and HD exchange with the solvent are probed and shown to link to catalyst efficiency. The resulting signal enhancements suggest future in vivo MRI measurements under physiological conditions using this catalytic effect will be possible. This journal is

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3544-3554
Number of pages11
JournalCatalysis Science and Technology
Issue number10
Early online date11 Jul 2014
Publication statusPublished - 2 Oct 2014

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