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“I know something you don't know”: Discourse and social context effects on the N400 in adolescents

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JournalJournal of Experimental Child Psychology
DateAccepted/In press - 2 Aug 2017
DateE-pub ahead of print - 2 Aug 2017
DatePublished (current) - 1 Dec 2017
Volume164
Number of pages10
Pages (from-to)45-54
Early online date2/08/17
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Adolescence is a time of great cognitive and social development. Despite this, relatively few studies to date have investigated how perspective taking affects on-line language comprehension in adolescents. In the current study, we addressed this gap in the literature, making use of a Joint Comprehension Task in which two individuals with differing background knowledge jointly attend to linguistic stimuli. Using event-related potentials, we investigated adolescents’ electrophysiological responses to (a) semantically anomalous sentence stimuli in discourse context and (b) semantically plausible sentence stimuli that the participants believe another individual finds semantically implausible. Our results demonstrate that a robust “N400 effect” (i.e., a well-established event-related potential, known to be sensitive to lexical-semantic integration difficulties) is elicited by semantically anomalous sentences; this N400 effect is subsequently attenuated by discourse context. Lastly, a “social N400 effect” is elicited by sentences that are semantically plausible for the participants if they believe that another individual finds the sentences implausible. The results suggest that adolescents integrate the perspective of others during on-line language comprehension via simulation; that is, adolescents use their own language processing system to interpret language input from the perspective of other jointly attending individuals.

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© 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy.

    Research areas

  • Adolescence, Discourse, Language Comprehension, Perspective Taking, Semantics, Theory of Mind

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