Impacts of summer ozone exposure on the growth and overwintering of UK upland vegetation

Felicity Hayes, Gina Mills, Philip Williams, Harry Harmens, Patrick Büker, Patrick Bueker

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The effects of ozone exposure on species of an upland grassland were assessed. Thirty-three species from Snowdonia, North Wales, UK, were exposed for 10 weeks to a weekly episodic ozone regime in solardomes representing predicted future concentrations. Two solardomes were used as controls, with ozone added to charcoal-filtered air to give a continuous ozone concentration of 30 ppb (O 3(30)). A weekly episodic ozone regime was applied to two other solardomes, with concentrations rising for 8 h per day to 80 ppb on day 1, 100 ppb on days 2 and 3, and 80 ppb on day 4; ozone concentrations remained at 30 ppb at all other times (O 3(30+peaks)). The control and background ozone concentrations of 30 ppb were maintained throughout the night as well as during the daytime. During exposure to the episodic ozone regime, some species were sensitive to ozone and showed ozone-specific leaf injury symptoms (e.g. Carex echinata) and/or premature senescence (e.g. Festuca rubra) and/or changes in above-ground biomass (e.g. Armeria maritima), whereas other species (e.g Holcus lanatus and Carex demissa) showed no effects. Some species, although showing no effects during the 10-week ozone exposure, showed carry-over effects on biomass the following spring, after a winter period of ambient ozone exposure (e.g. Galium saxatile, Nardus stricta and Saxifraga stellaris). The carry-over effects shown in this study indicate the potential ecological impact of ozone on semi-natural vegetation species and indicate the importance of longer-term studies on the effects of ozone on plants. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationImpacts of summer ozone exposure on the growth and overwintering of UK upland vegetation
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Publication series

NameAtmospheric Environment


  • Biomass
  • Carry-over effect
  • Ozone
  • Ozone injury
  • Upland vegetation
  • 9189

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