Importance of characteristics and modalities of physical activity and exercise in defining the benefits to cardiovascular health within the general population: recommendations from the EACPR (Part I)

L Vanhees, J De Sutter, N GeladaS, F Doyle, E Prescott, V Cornelissen, E Kouidi, D Dugmore, D Vanuzzo, M Börjesson, P Doherty, EACPR

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Over the last decades, more and more evidence is accumulated that physical activity (PA) and exercise interventions are essential components in primary and secondary prevention for cardiovascular disease. However, it is less clear whether and which type of PA and exercise intervention (aerobic exercise, dynamic resistive exercise, or both) or characteristic of exercise (frequency, intensity, time or duration, and volume) would yield more benefit in achieving cardiovascular health. The present paper, as the first of a series of three, will make specific recommendations on the importance of these characteristics for cardiovascular health in the population at large. The guidance offered in this series of papers is aimed at medical doctors, health practitioners, kinesiologists, physiotherapists and exercise physiologists, politicians, public health policy makers, and the individual member of the public. Based on previous and the current literature, recommendations from the European Association on Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation are formulated regarding type, volume, and intensity of PA and exercise.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)670-686
JournalEuropean journal of preventive cardiology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012


  • Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Exercise
  • Humans
  • Physical Fitness
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Risk Reduction Behavior

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