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Individual allocation had an advantage over cluster randomization in statistical efficiency in some circumstances

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JournalJournal of Clinical Epidemiology
DatePublished - Oct 2008
Issue number10
Volume61
Number of pages5
Pages (from-to)1004-1008
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the trade off between performing an individual randomized trial with a Complier Average Causal Effect analysis and accepting the fact that there will be some contamination, with a cluster randomized trial and the subsequent effect on the sample size and power of the trial.

Study Design and Setting: Monte Carlo simulations were undertaken to generate trial data where there was some contamination of control participants. The trials were simulated so the null hypothesis was false. Assessments were made of whether a type 11 error had been committed (i.e., whether the false null had not been rejected).

Results: As contamination increases, the power of the study to detect a true difference between the two groups declines. Using a Complier Average Causal Effect approach, unless anticipated contamination exceeds 30%, retains a sample size advantage over the cluster randomized design despite a relatively small cluster (i.e., 10) and reasonably small ICC (i.e., 0.04).

Conclusion: If contamination can be measured precisely or estimated then in some circumstances individual allocation has an advantage over cluster randomization in statistical efficiency. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • randomization, contamination, CACE analysis, simulation, cluster allocation, statistical efficiency, ANTURANE REINFARCTION TRIAL, CLINICAL-TRIALS, SELECTION BIAS, CONTAMINATION, NONCOMPLIANCE, CARE

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