Individual and household food insecurity reports by adolescents and parents lack agreement in rural and urban Mexican settings

Brisa Morales Orozco, María del Carmen Caamano, Olga García, Hugo Melgar-Quinonez, Gerardo Zavala

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Abstract Objectives To evaluate the degree of agreement between adolescents’ reported individual food insecurity (FI) with their parents reported household FI. Methods This is a cross-sectional study with 118 adolescents (15.76 ± 1.65 y) and their parents who were recruited from a rural area in Oaxaca (n = 60) and an urban area in Queretaro (n = 58), Mexico. Household FI was assessed in parents using the Latin American and Caribbean Food Security Scale (ELCSA), whereas individual adolescents’ FI was assessed with a scale specific for children/adolescents. Cohen's Kappa estimates were calculated to measure agreement between parents’ and adolescents’ FI, and using Landis and Koch criteria for interpretation. Results Household FI reported by the parents was 47.5% (34.7% mild and 17.8% moderate + severe), compared to 83.1% (43.3% mild and 39.9% moderate + severe) among adolescents. In both Querétaro and Oaxaca, reported individual FI on the adolescents (75.9% and 90%, respectively) was higher than parents’ reported household FI (37.9% and 67%, respectively). Overall, the Kappa score showed a lack of agreement between the reported parents’ household FI and the adolescents’ individual FI (mild FI, κ = 0.04; moderate FI, κ = 0.02; severe FI κ = 0.16; p > 0.05). Similarly, a lack of agreement between the reported FI of the parents and the reported FI of the adolescents was found separately in Queretaro (mild FI, κ = 0.001; moderate FI, κ = .06; p > 0.05) and Oaxaca (mild FI κ = 0.10; moderate FI κ = −0.06; severe FI κ = 0.10; p > 0.05). Conclusions The findings of the present study suggest that the experience of FI in adolescents lacks agreement with the household experience, even when assessed in different contexts (rural/urban), and that adolescents FI experiences might be higher than their parents’. Funding Sources No funding sources.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147
JournalCurrent Developments in Nutrition
Issue numberSupplement 1
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jun 2022


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