Influence of finite-size effects on the Curie temperature of L10-FePt

Nguyen Thanh Binh*, Sergiu Ruta, Ondrej Hovorka, Richard F.L. Evans, Roy W. Chantrell

*Corresponding author for this work

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We employ an atomistic model using a nearest-neighbor Heisenberg Hamiltonian exchange to study computationally the dependence of the Curie temperature of L10-FePt on finite-size and surface effects in heat-assisted magnetic recording (HAMR) media. We demonstrate the existence of a size threshold at 3.5 nm below which the impact of finite-size effects starts to permeate into the center of the grains and contributes to the reduction of the Curie temperature. We find a correlation between the Curie temperature and the percentage of atomistic bonds lost on the surface as a function of grain size, which can be extended to apply to not only L10-FePt but also generic magnetic systems of any crystal structure. In a recording medium, the inevitable grain size dispersion leads to an irreducible contribution to the dispersion of the Curie temperature. Therefore, our paper gives insight into finite-size effects, which have been predicted to be a serious limitation of HAMR.

Original languageEnglish
Article number054421
Number of pages8
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 17 Aug 2022

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