Innovative regenerative medicines in the EU: a better future in evidence?

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Despite a steady stream of headlines suggesting they will transform the future of healthcare, high-tech regenerative medicines have, to date, been quite inaccessible to patients; only eight have been granted an EU marketing licence in the last seven years. Here, we outline some of the historical reasons for this paucity of licensed innovative regenerative medicines. We discuss the challenges to be overcome to expedite the development of this complex and rapidly changing area of medicine, together with possible reasons to be more optimistic for the future.
Several factors have contributed to the scarcity of cutting-edge regenerative medicines in clinical practice. These include the great expense and difficulties involved in planning how individual therapies will be developed, manufactured to commercial levels, and ultimately successfully delivered to patients. Specific challenges also exist when evaluating the safety, efficacy and cost-effectiveness of these therapies. Furthermore, many treatments are used without a licence from the EMA - under “Hospital Exemption” from the EC legislation. For products which are licensed, alternative financing approaches by healthcare providers may be needed, since many therapies will have significant up-front costs but uncertain benefits and harms in the long-term.
However, increasing political interest and more flexible mechanisms for licensing and paying for therapies are now evident. These could be key to the future growth and development of regenerative medicine in clinical practice.
Recent developments in regulatory processes, coupled with increasing political interest may offer some hope for improvements to the long and often difficult routes from laboratory to marketplace for leading-edge cell or tissue therapies. Collaboration between publicly-funded researchers and the pharmaceutical industry could be key to the future development of regenerative medicine in clinical practice; such collaborations might also offer a possible antidote to the innovation crisis in the pharmaceutical industry.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBMC Medicine
Issue number49
Early online date8 Mar 2017
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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© 2017, The Author(s).

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